Cumulus cells play a crucial role as essential mediators in the maturation of ova. Ginger contains 10-gingerol, which induces apoptosis in colon cancer cells. Based on this hypothesis, this study aimed to determine whether 10-gingerol is able to induce apoptosis in normal cells, namely, cumulus cells.
This study used an in vitro analysis by culturing Cumulus cells in M199 containing 10-gingerol in various concentrations (12, 16, and 20 μM) and later detected early apoptotic activity using an Annexin V-FITC detection kit.
The in vitro data revealed that the number of apoptosis cells increased along with the period of incubation as follows: 12 μM (63.71% ± 2.192%); 16 μM (74.51% ± 4.596%); and 20 μM (78.795% ± 1.435%). The substance 10-gingerol induces apoptosis in cumulus cells by inhibiting HTR1A functions and inactivating GSK3B and AKT-1.
These findings indicate that further examination is warranted for 10-gingerol as a contraception agent.
endothelial nitric oxide synthase
glycogen synthase kinase-3β
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1 A
murine double minute clone 2
mammalian target of rapamycin
mTOR complex 1
mTOR complex 2
nitric oxide synthase 3
phosphatase and tensin homologue delete on chromosome ten
rapamycin-insensitive companion of mTOR
Peer review under responsibility of Taibah University.