Epistemologi Bayani

Soleh, Achmad Khudori (2009) Epistemologi Bayani. Ulul Albab, 10 (2). pp. 173-185. ISSN 2442-5249

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Abstract

Bayani is a typical Arabic epistemology that is based on text. According to him, the source of knowledge is a text that is the Qur'an and al-Hadith from a religious perspective. There are two ways to gain knowledge: (1) based on the editorial composition of the text studied through linguistic analysis, (2) based on the analogy method seen from one of three aspects, namely the relationship between asl and far`, the reasons for asl and far `, and the unifying tendency between asl and far`.
In its development, the Bayani analogy is not only used to explore knowledge from the text but is also used to understand metaphysical reality by making an analogy with physical reality (qiyâs al-ghaib 'alâ al-syâhid). Among other things, about metaphysical theories and theological doctrines.
Because it is only based on text, Bayani's thinking becomes limited and focuses on accidental, not substantial, so that they are less able to dynamically follow the historical and social developments of society that are so fast. Current Islamic thought, which uses a lot of Bayani epistemology, cannot respond and follow world developments.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Bayani, text, analogy, ashl and far'
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2203 Philosophy > 220313 Philosophy of Language
22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2203 Philosophy
Divisions: Faculty of Psychology
Depositing User: Dr Achmad Khudori Soleh
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2022 07:30

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