Pokok pikiran tentang paradigma integrasi ilmu dan agama

Soleh, Achmad Khudori (2006) Pokok pikiran tentang paradigma integrasi ilmu dan agama. In: Intelektualisme Islam melacak akar-akar integrasi ilmu dan agama. Seri Ensiklopedia Islam dan Sains, 1 . LKQS UIN Malang, Malang, pp. 229-266. ISBN 979-3589-67-1 UNSPECIFIED : UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

Ilmu (sains) dan agama mempunyai dasar, metode dan nilai yang berbeda. Sains mendasarkan diri pada realitas fisik sedang agama menekankan metafisik, sains mengandalkan bukti empiris sedang agama mendasarkan pada kitab suci, sains lebih bersifat bebas nilai agama justru tidak bebas nilai. Integrasi ilmu dan agama harus menyatukan pandangan ontologis, epistemologis dan aksiologis di atas. Begitu juga dalam kasus integrasi dalam psikologi, harus mengintegrasikan ketiga basis filosofis tersebut.

Science and religion have different bases, methods and values. Science is based on physical reality while religion emphasizes metaphysics, science relies on empirical evidence while religion is based on scriptures, science is more value-free, religion is not value-free. The integration of science and religion must unite the ontological, epistemological and axiological views above. Likewise, in the case of integration in psychology, the three philosophical bases must be integrated.

Item Type: Book Section
Keywords: ontologi; epistemologi; aksiologi; psikologi; al-Farabi; al-Ghazali; Naquib al-Attas
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2203 Philosophy
22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies
Divisions: Faculty of Psychology
Depositing User: Dr Achmad Khudori Soleh
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2022 15:28

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