Pluralism in the Qur'an: critical analysis of surah al-Baqarah 2: 62 interpretation in Indonesia

Muhammad, Muhammad ORCID:, Marwiyah, Syarifatul and Rohmadani, Ainur (2023) Pluralism in the Qur'an: critical analysis of surah al-Baqarah 2: 62 interpretation in Indonesia. Presented at The 4th Annual International Conference on Language, Literature and Media (AICOLLIM 2022), 21-22 Sep 2022, Malang, Indonesia.

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Pluralism is an actual and interesting discussion to be examined both from the point of view and any discipline by world scholars, especially in Indonesia. There is basically a difference between Indonesian Muslim scholars in defining pluralism. Some interpret tolerance and others mean all religions equally. The problem arises from the definition of pluralism with all religions being the same. The proponents of Indonesian Muslim pluralism with the second meaning are guided by verses of the Qur'ān one of which is often used is al-Baqarah 2: 62. According to their interpretation this verse is a concrete proof that the Qur'an recognizes the truth of all religions not just Islam Prophet Muhammad. Reviewing the arguments of pluralism in Indonesia based on the verse and criticizing its interpretation using descriptive-critical methods is a step taken in this article. Until finally found an answer, the proponents of pluralism in Indonesia misunderstood and interpreted the verse. The error arose, as it did not review the Asbāb al-Nuzūl verse and textually interpreted the verse. Such mistakes also occur when proponents of pluralism reveal supporting foundations as well as circumcision in human diversity and interpret the word al-Islam in the Qur'an.

Item Type: Conference (Paper)
Keywords: pluralism; Indonesia; Qur’an; critical analysis; al-Baqarah 2: 62
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies
22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2299 Other Philosophy and Religious Studies
Divisions: Faculty of Sharia and Law > Department of Al-Quran and Tafseer studies
Depositing User: Dr. Muhammad, Lc., M.Th.I
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2023 11:37


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