The diversity of multilingual communities: a case study in eight regions in Indonesia

Endardi, Joni and Rahayu, Mundi ORCID: (2023) The diversity of multilingual communities: a case study in eight regions in Indonesia. Presented at The 4th Annual International Conference on Language, Literature and Media (AICOLLIM 2022), 21-22 Sep 2022, Malang, Indonesia.

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This study investigates language attitudes and accommodations. The data collection utilizes a questionnaire and interviews with native speakers in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, DKI Jakarta, Bandung (West Java), Bangka Belitung, South Sumatra, Bali, Lampung, and Banten. The data is obtained from speakers of regional and Indonesian languages from academic circles. This research applies the attitude and language accommodation theory from sociolinguistics and pragmatics. The number of respondents in each research area ranges from 20–50 respondents. The research on the multilingual societies diversity in eight regions in Indonesia shows from the qualitative and quantitative analysis that language speakers in eight regions are positive and mutually accommodating between speakers of languages, both using regional languages and Indonesian. The research result is shown qualitatively. For example, Javanese speakers at D.I. Yogyakarta can switch codes or mix codes using Sundanese, Betawi Malay, Madurese, Palembang, Papuan, and other languages. The results of the quantitative analysis also show a very accommodative attitude because it shows a percentage between 41%–62% agree and strongly agree. This diversity research also recommends follow-up research. The correlation test results show that speakers, both local and Indonesian languages, have a moderate correlation of significance—so low that local content education based on regional languages and Indonesian is needed regarding the importance of understanding diversity in a multilingual society. In Indonesia, it can stop the intolerant attitude between language speakers and avoid the danger of national disintegration.

Item Type: Conference (Paper)
Keywords: diversity; multilingualism; language attitude; accommodation
Subjects: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2003 Language Studies > 200313 Indonesian Languages
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities > Department of English Language and Letters
Depositing User: Dr Mundi Rahayu
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2023 14:11


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