Rethinking religious moderation through the study of Indonesian exegesis: a study of Tafsir al-Azhar by Hamka

Basri, Basri and Muhammad, Muhammad ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5582-0872 (2023) Rethinking religious moderation through the study of Indonesian exegesis: a study of Tafsir al-Azhar by Hamka. Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora, 21 (1). pp. 41-58. ISSN 2460-7606

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Abstract

Realizing religious moderation is the President's medium-term program for 2020-2024. This program was entrusted by the President to the Ministry of Religion. The Ministry of Religion through the moderation team formulates indicators of religious moderation. There are four indicators in the moderation of the Ministry of Religion, one of which is tolerance. Tolerance by the Ministry of Religion is defined as being open, generous, voluntary, and gentle in accepting differences. Tolerance is always accompanied by respect, accepting different people as part of ourselves and positive thinking. This tolerance is then divided into two parts: inter-religious and intra-religious. The hope of tolerance between religions isthe emergence of attitudes towards adherents of other religions, a sense of willingness to dialogue, cooperate, establish places of worship, and experience interacting with adherents of other religions. On the other hand, Hamka is one of the Indonesian Muslim scientists who has phenomenal commentary works and has been widely studied in Asia, especially Indonesia. Hamka grew up in an era of political upheaval both at home and abroad had a big impact on the concept of thinking which was then poured into his work. This article aims to examine Hamka's views on other religions, especially Judaism, examine more deeply whether there is a Jewish/Zion conspiracy or not, and analyze Hamka's acceptance of other religions. Equipped with a library research method with a descriptive-analytic- critical analysis as a guide in this article. From this it was found that in the Hamka interpretation it is contrary to the concept of religious moderation of the Ministry of Religion, in the Hamka interpretation there are many suspicions against Jews even though the discussion of the Protocol of Zion according to observers is a conspiracy, fictitious, and has no valid evidence. In addition, Hamka is included in the category of exclusive Muslims who do not accept religions other than Islam Muhammadanism

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: religious moderation; tolerance; Ministry of Religion; Hamka; Tafsir al-Azhar
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2201 Applied Ethics
22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2202 History and Philosophy of Specific Fields
22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies
Divisions: Faculty of Sharia and Law > Department of Al-Quran and Tafseer studies
Depositing User: Dr. Muhammad, Lc., M.Th.I
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2023 14:02

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