Empowerment of the poor through zakat: a case study of Baznas in Malang City

Yunus, Muh. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4193-7193, Suman, Agus, Multifiah, Multifiah ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7966-9118 and Manzilati, Asfi (2022) Empowerment of the poor through zakat: a case study of Baznas in Malang City. Eurasia: Economics & Business, 7 (61). pp. 106-116. ISSN 2522-9710

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This research aimed to construct a governance perspective on empowering the poor through zakāt, which has the potential to change zakāt recipients (mustahiq) into zakāt givers (muzakki). This research employs a postpositivist qualitative approach with a case study research strategy. Researchers try to interpret the meaning of actual cases, investigate the process, and seek in-depth explanations with data collection techniques through interviews, participatory observation, and documentation. Interactive analysis techniques are used starting from data collection, condensation, presentation, and concluding. The results are as follows: (1) the amil actor has two perspectives: (a) only distributes zakāt, and (b) interprets the main task of zakāt management as the aspect of distribution to the sustainability stage of its utilization. However, there are constraints from the resources availability, assistance budget, and empowerment experts, so it is necessary to improve the quantity and capacity of amil according to program needs; (2) mustahiq actors have two perspectives: (a) interpreting zakāt funds as being limited to giving for consumption, and (b) feeling that it is a mandate that needs to be accounted for. The majority of the mustahiq group in this study tend to receive zakāt for consumptive needs, not for the perspective of building a business that can be developed sustainably as a way out of poverty; and (3) for empowerment using Zakāt Community-Based Development (ZCD). The relatively successful ones are those that focus on the quality of their distribution, accompanied by the assistance management in each mustahiq community and optimizing the small groups’ role, such as recitation groups, community associations, and the Bayt al-Māl community, which are deliberately designed as social agents for BAZNAS.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: zakāt; empowerment; Zakāt Community-Based Development (ZCD)
Subjects: 14 ECONOMICS > 1402 Applied Economics > 140202 Economic Development and Growth
14 ECONOMICS > 1402 Applied Economics > 140219 Welfare Economics
14 ECONOMICS > 1499 Other Economics > 149901 Comparative Economic Systems
Divisions: Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teaching Training > Department of Social Science Education
Depositing User: Muh. Yunus
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2023 13:46


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