Kiai, ustaz, and ghuru morok: contestation and tolerance of three religious authorities in Kangean island, Madura

Musthafa, Adib Khairil, Prasetyo, Oky Bagas and Maghfuri, Amin (2023) Kiai, ustaz, and ghuru morok: contestation and tolerance of three religious authorities in Kangean island, Madura. Jurnal Lektur Keagamaan, 21 (2). pp. 561-586. ISSN 2620522X

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Socio-religious movements are intrinsically linked to religious autho-rities within a society, including those of traditional Islamic movements in Madura which significantly shaps the power dynamics of local religious authorities. The influence of the kiai, a local Muslim leader, extends well beyond religious authority, shaping political, social, economic, and cultural life in significant ways. However, the roles of other authorities, such as the Ustaz, often go overlooked in the Madurese society. This article delves into the roles of three religious authorities in Kangean Island, Madura: the Kiai, Ustaz, and Ghuru Morok (Kiai Langgar). This ethnographic research was conducted through in-depth interviews and active involvement in various activities of these religious authority figures. The researcher also made extensive observations of the activities of these religious authority figures through direct engagement. The data was collected and analyzed with a keen focus on understanding the unique roles and influences of these religious authorities within the cultural and societal context of Kangean Island. The study finds that the Kiai, identified with Traditional Islam and affiliated with Nahdlatul Ulama, maintains a dualistic approach towards local traditions, encompassing both mystification and demystification.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: religious authority; contestation; tolerance; Islamic culture; Indonesian Muslim
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220403 Islamic Studies
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Bagas Prasetyo Oky
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2023 15:54


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