Low Fetal Weight is Directly Caused by Sequestration of Parasites and Indirectly by IL-17 and IL-10 Imbalance in the Placenta of Pregnant Mice with Malaria

Fitri, Loeki Enggar and Sardjono, Teguh Wahju and Rahmah, Zainabur and Siswanto, Budi and Handono, Kusworini and Dachlan, Yoes Prijatna (2015) Low Fetal Weight is Directly Caused by Sequestration of Parasites and Indirectly by IL-17 and IL-10 Imbalance in the Placenta of Pregnant Mice with Malaria. The Korean Journal of Parasitology, 53 (2). pp. 189-196. ISSN 0023-4001

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Full text available at: http://doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2015.53.2.189

Abstract

The sequestration of infected erythrocytes in the placenta can activate the syncytiotrophoblast to release cytokines that affect the micro-environment and influence the delivery of nutrients and oxygen to fetus. The high level of IL-10 has been reported in the intervillous space and could prevent the pathological effects. There is still no data of Th17 involvement in the pathogenesis of placental malaria. This study was conducted to reveal the influence of placental IL-17 and IL-10 levels on fetal weights in malaria placenta. Seventeen pregnant BALB/C mice were divided into control (8 pregnant mice) and treatment group (9 pregnant mice infected by Plasmodium berghei). Placental specimens stained with hematoxylin and eosin were examined to determine the level of cytoadherence by counting the infected erythrocytes in the intervillous space of placenta. Levels of IL-17 and IL-10 in the placenta were measured using ELISA. All fetuses were weighed by analytical balance. Statistical analysis using Structural Equation Modeling showed that cytoadherence caused an increased level of placental IL-17 and a decreased level of placental IL-10. Cytoadherence also caused low fetal weight. The increased level of placental IL-17 caused low fetal weight, and interestingly low fetal weight was caused by a decrease of placental IL-10. It can be concluded that low fetal weight in placental malaria is directly caused by sequestration of the parasites and indirectly by the local imbalance of IL-17 and IL-10 levels.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Plasmodium berghei; placental malaria; cytoadherence; IL-17; IL-10; low fetal weight
Divisions: Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences > Department of Medical Education
Depositing User: Faizuddin Harliansyah
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2018 21:38

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