Gender and voting behavior: Political psychology analysis for voting behavior in Indonesian

Nuqul, Fathul Lubabin (2010) Gender and voting behavior: Political psychology analysis for voting behavior in Indonesian. Presented at 2nd International Graduate and Scholar Conference in Indonesia, 2010, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta.

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Abstract

There are interesting developments of political psychology, particularly in the effort of women in politic arena. Until the mid-year 2007, at least 82 women were recorded following the elections in 232 provincial-level regions and districts level. Out of the above, 26 women (30.76%) registered as a candidate for the leader of region and 57 women (69.24%), registered as a deputy leader of the region, although only eight women who are successfully elected as the leader of region and 11 elected as deputy leaders of regional (Arifin, 2008). With direct elections as happened today, making the candidates should follow the "interest" of voters. Efforts to understand the voter?s behavior, feelings and thinking do not always easy. The old ways by making a donation of material deemed not affect voters more powerful. One possible solution is the assessment needs of the voter. Fullfillness of voter?s needs is not always easy because there are differences of character between communities, genders and individuals that influence their voting behavior. Voting behavior was defined as a voter in the decision to vote for certain candidates in both the legislative and executive elections. In political science, there are two kinds of approaches in analyzing the voting behavior. 1). sociological approach. Person?s background, gender, social class, race, religion, and ideology determine the decision to voting according the approach. 2). psychological approach. In this approach, value, personal qualities of the candidates, issues which developed by candidate and loyalty to the party are influence voter?s choice. Some research shows that there exist different patterns of voting behavior between men and women. Women are more conservative in determining her choosen than men (Inglehart & Norris, 2000). The study involved 90 students (45 women and 45 men). To take data used scenarios about election for leader of region (bupati). Than subyek choose Male or female as a leader, or not vote at all. Each alternative answer to the subjects was asked to give a reason. Analysis of data using qualitative thematic and cross tabulation. The results shown that subjects who choose a man as a leader as much as 68 people or 75.56%, and who chose women as leaders "only" 12 people or 13.33%. Subjects who abstained are 11 people or 11.11%. From these results also show that women's voting behavior, are more likely to choose a man as the leader. This could occur because women are believe that the more entitled and deserve to be leaders are men, as seen from a variety of reasons expressed by respondents, such as the existence theorem ?Arrijalu Qawwamuna 'Alannisa? that for those respondents meaning of the phrase is an indication for Muslims that the man was "better" than women, so men more creditable of a leader, and they also hold on to reason like all the other prophets were men and the prophets had a good lead with each group, the alternative answer to this emerged from the respondents from the Islamic university. In otherside college law student backgrounds, they are more likely to choose women, because women have the ability as good as men, and women are also more sensitive to the people.

Item Type: Conference (Paper)
Keywords: voting behavior; politic psychology; gender
Subjects: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170105 Gender Psychology
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Psychology
Depositing User: Dr Fathul Lubabin Nuqul
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2018 01:58

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