Effects of activated carbon treatment on Li4Ti5O12 anode material synthesis for lithium-ion batteries

Subhan, Achmad and Oemry, Ferensa and Khusna, Siti Nailul and Hastuti, Erna (2018) Effects of activated carbon treatment on Li4Ti5O12 anode material synthesis for lithium-ion batteries. Ionics. pp. 1-10. ISSN 0947-7047

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Full text available at: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-018-2633-0

Abstract

Conventional solid-state reaction method that is widely adopted to synthesize Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) typically generates rutile TiO2 phase at calcination temperature range between 700 and 900 °C in which two competitive reactions between anatase-to-rutile TiO2 and Li2TiO3-to-Li4Ti5O12 formations occur simultaneously. This study investigates the effectiveness of coconut shell-based activated carbon treatment to eliminate the formation of anatase-to-rutile TiO2. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results indicate that mixing LTO precursors with 3, 6, and 10 wt% activated carbon prior to calcination process could reduce the amount of rutile TiO2 phase in LTO down to 6.9, 4.6, and 3.5 wt%, respectively, versus 9.1 wt% in untreated LTO. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements show that LTO pretreated with 10 wt% AC has discharge capacity of 168.35 mAh g−1 and also Li+-ion diffusion rate of 1.2 × 10−13 cm2 s−1. These values are comparably higher than those of untreated LTO that gains lower discharge capacity of 134.93 mAh g−1 and Li+-ion diffusion rate of 6.9 × 10−14 cm2 s−1. This improvement could be attributed to the suppression of anatase-to-rutile TiO2 formation during calcination process.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Lithium-ion battery; Li4Ti5O12; Rutile TiO2; Activated carbon; Coconut shell
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences > Department of Physics
Depositing User: Faizuddin Harliansyah
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2018 01:37

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