The potential of soil arthropods as bioindicator of soil quality in relation to environmental factors at apple farm, Batu, East Java, Indonesia

Suheriyanto, Dwi and Zuhro, Zainuna and Farah, Itsna Naili El and Maulidiyah, Alik (2019) The potential of soil arthropods as bioindicator of soil quality in relation to environmental factors at apple farm, Batu, East Java, Indonesia. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1217. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1742-6588

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Abstract

The objectives of this study are to determine community structure, abundance and diversity of soil arthropods which potential as the bioindicator of soil quality, and analyze the correlation between chemical parameters of the environmental factor on the abundance of soil arthropods. This study was conducted at the conventional and semi-organic Apple Farm, Bumiaji, Batu, East Java Province, Indonesia, from April to September 2017. Soil Arthropods sample has been taken from three different zones of Apple Farm soil which divided into ten sampling stations. Shannon (H'), Margalef, Evenness and Indicator Value (IndVal) Index were applied to determine the diversity of soil Arthropods. Whereas, the correlation between soil environmental factors and abundance of soil Arthropods were analyzed using Multivariate Analysis included Principal Component Analysis (PCA), similarities, and Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA). The total of soil Arthropods belonging to 22 genera, 12 families, and six orders genera, had been identified, with Lepidocyrtus were considered as the most abundant of Genus. Nevertheless, diversity of soil Arthropods in the semi-organic farm were higher than conventional farm ones, this related to soil chemical properties which included pH, C, N, C/N ratio, P, K and other organic matters. Based on indicator value indicated that Euborellia Genus from Apple conventional farm, and Brachymyrmex and Homidia Genus from Apple semi-organic farm was considered as the potential bioindicator of soil quality.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Soil Arthropods, Bioindicator, Apple Farm, Soil, Batu
Subjects: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050303 Soil Biology
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050304 Soil Chemistry (excl. Carbon Sequestration Science)
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060202 Community Ecology (excl. Invasive Species Ecology)
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060208 Terrestrial Ecology
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070101 Agricultural Land Management
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070108 Sustainable Agricultural Development
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070301 Agro-ecosystem Function and Prediction
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Dr. Dwi Suheriyanto
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2019 03:36

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