Basuki Tjahaya Purnama's conversational maxims: A political discourse analysis

Susanto, Djoko (2018) Basuki Tjahaya Purnama's conversational maxims: A political discourse analysis. Presented at Language in the Online & Offline World 6: The Fortitude, 8-9 May 2018, Petra Christian University.

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Abstract

This study analyzes the language or phrases used by Basuki Tjahaya Purnama (Ahok), the Jakarta’s governor, in addressing some cases, such as flats in Marunda, buses donation, Lebak Bulus Stadium, and a student’s complaint. Ahok language as a leader in Jakarta is important to study because he tends to speak using high pitch style and occasionally using coarse expressions, such as gendeng (dumb), bajingan (bastard), munafik (hypocritical), and gila (crazy). Politeness Theory, Conversational Maxims, and Implicature are used to explain which maxims violated by Ahok, its reason, and the implicatures as perceived by commentators in regard to Ahok’s expressions. This study found that Ahok did not violate maxim of quality and maxim of relevant because he had strong evidence to support his claim. From maxim of manner perspective, his statements such as bajingan, muak, munafik, gendeng, gila can be regarded as violating this maxim. From politeness theory, these statements were expressions representing bald on record strategy. Ahok’s expressions which tend to rise were often followed by an action to dismiss officials who proved to be fraudulent and enrich themselves illegally. Interestingly, such Ahok’s statements received positive implicature from the people. They felt happy because they have an official who is brave, honest, and fight for the people’s interests. They even hope that Indonesia would have a lot more officers like Ahok. A label of Chinese did not make people feel allergic to his language, expression, and action because they were aware that Ahok said something based on evidence not just emotion.

Item Type: Conference (Paper)
Keywords: Political discourse analysis; Politenes; Conversational maxim
Subjects: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200405 Language in Culture and Society (Sociolinguistics) > 20040599 Language in Culture and Society (Sociolinguistics) not elsewhere classified
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities > Department of English Language and Letters
Depositing User: Mufid Mufid
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2019 10:22

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