Interpretation of democracy, pluralism and tolerance among the young activists of Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama

Maksum, Ali and Febrianto, Priyono Tri and Wahyuni, Esa Nur (2019) Interpretation of democracy, pluralism and tolerance among the young activists of Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama. Jurnal Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik, 32 (3). ISSN e- ISSN 2528-6018

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Abstract

Anarchism and other forms of violence committed by religious groups and mass organizations are still very
common in Indonesia. There have been violations of human rights, religious freedom and civil liberties, which
are essential pillars of democracy. Indonesia, as a country that adheres to religious freedom regards all forms
of intolerance as violations of democracy. This study described and explored the views of young cadres of
Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) in Malang, East Java, about democracy, pluralism and tolerance.
This research intended to unravel some of the issues of how young generations of Muhammadiyah and NU
understand democracy, pluralism and tolerance and if their views are associated with their social construction.
This study employed qualitative methods using interviews and direct observations to collect the data. The
results of this study showed there were differences in the patterns between the younger generation and the
older generation of Muhammadiyah. The members of Muhammadiyah recognized that the young cadres of
Muhammadiyah tended to act more violently towards intolerant mass organizations compared to their senior
(old cadre) generation. The senior cadres, such as the Muhammadiyah Youth, were more likely to be calm when
responding to the presence of radical organizations. The senior cadres of Muhammadiyah tended to be openminded with the community organizations that are perceived by the public to be a radical mass organization,
which is fundamental in addressing the presence of radical organizations. This view indicated by the absence
sense of precariousness or a situation that is considered to be very threatening to religious and national life
while still in the corridor of diversity. On the other hand, the younger generation of Nahdlatul Ulama showed
a different pattern, revealing that their seniors tended to be harsher in responding to radical organizations and
supporting mass organizations.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: democracy; pluralism; tolerance; Muhammadiyah; Nahdlatul Ulama
Subjects: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160899 Sociology not elsewhere classified
Depositing User: DR ESA NUR WAHYUNI
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2019 13:19

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