Taxonomical Status of Local Durian (Durio Spp.) from Ternate Island North Maluku base on morphological character and geographical factor

Sundari, Sundari and Mas’ud, Abdu and Arumingtyas, Estri L. and Hakim, Luchman and Azrianingsih, Rodiyati and Wahyudi, Didik (2019) Taxonomical Status of Local Durian (Durio Spp.) from Ternate Island North Maluku base on morphological character and geographical factor. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONSERVATION SCIENCE, 10 (4). pp. 711-720. ISSN 2067-533X

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Abstract

Ternate Island has high variations of durian (Durio spp.). In the area, durian has many vernicular names as well as phenotypic differences. Currently, information about genetic diversity and taxonomical status has not enough yet. This research first reported the taxonomical status of local durian from Ternate. This study aimed to investigate and identify of species that have not been identified in order to taxonomical position be clearly. The results revealed that the taxonomical status of local durian (Durio spp.) in Ternate island can be grouped as species Durio zibethinus Murr and have distribution pattern spread in lowland. Durian pondak (T17) is know that the ancestor of the local durian from Ternate. Durian Afo (T22) and durian Moya (T23) are know that the highest similarity of morphological character. These three local durians are the native durian from Ternate. The phenomenon of anomaly for D zibethinus Murr. from Ternate have lowland hotspot with coastal environmental factors. In generally D zibethinus Murr can grow well in the highlands this is different for native Durio spp from Ternate island.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: taxonomical status; Durio spp; native; sinaphomorphy; Ternate
Subjects: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060207 Population Ecology
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences > Department of Biology
Depositing User: Didik Wahyudi
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2019 03:40

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