Doa Dalam Tradisi Islam Jawa

Rosyidi, Abdul Wahab (2012) Doa Dalam Tradisi Islam Jawa. el-Harakah, 14 (1). pp. 88-100. ISSN 1858-4357

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Full text available at: http://doi.org/10.18860/el.v0i0.2199

Abstract

Doa etymologically means request something to God in certain ways. While some ulama define doa is a self statement presence to Allah the Almighty about our weakness, shortages, inabilities, and disgraces, then we ask Allah the Almighty in order the weaknesses, shortages, inabilities, and humiliations are removed and replaced with the strengths, capabilities and a high degree both in human sight and in Allah sight. In the theory needs said, that basically human beings need to feel safe (safety need), and the safety need leads to the two forms, namely: safety needs of life and safety needs of the property. Safety needs emerged as the most important requirement if psychology needs have been fullfilled. this behavior as reflected in the lives of Javanese who always do doa in the form of slametan ceremony. Slametan aims to achieve slamet (safety), namely a condition in which the events will move smoothly to follow a predetermined path and will not happen misfortunes to just anyone.

Doa Secara etimologi artinya memohon sesuatu kepada Allah SWT dengan cara- cara tertentu. Sedangkan beberapa ulama mendefinisikan doa berarti pernyataan diri ke hadirat Allah SWT tentang kelemahan, kekurangan, ketidakmampuan serta kehinaan kita, kemudian kita memohon sesuatu kepada Allah SWT agar kelemahan, kekurangan, ketidakmampuan serta kehinaan ini diangkat dan digantikan dengan kelebihan, kemampuan serta derajat yang tinggi baik di sisi manusia maupun di sisi-Nya. Dalam teori kebutuhan dikatakan; bahwa pada dasarnya manusia membutuhkan rasa aman (safety need), dan rasa aman itu mengarah pada dua bentuk yakni kebutuhan keamanan jiwa dan keamanan harta. Kebutuhan rasa aman muncul sebagai kebutuhan yang paling penting kalau kebutuhan psikologis telah terpenuhi. Hal tersebut sebagaimana tercermin dalam perilaku hidup orang Jawa yang selalu melakukan Doa dalam bentuk upacara slametan. Slametan bertujuan untuk mencapai keadaan slamet, yaitu suatu keadaan dimana peristiwa-peristiwa akan bergerak mengikuti jalan yang telah ditetapkan dengan lancar dan tak akan terjadi kemalangan-kemalangan kepada sembarang orang.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220407 Studies in Religious Traditions (excl. Eastern, Jewish, Christian and Islamic Traditions)
Divisions: Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teaching Training > Department of Arabic Language Education
Depositing User: Faizuddin Harliansyah
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2016 05:08

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