Tafsîr on jihad verses in Aku Melawan Teroris: relevance measurement in the perspective of Fakhr Dîn al-Râzî

Hamdan, Ali (2020) Tafsîr on jihad verses in Aku Melawan Teroris: relevance measurement in the perspective of Fakhr Dîn al-Râzî. Ulul Albab Jurnal Studi Islam, 21 (1). pp. 48-66. ISSN 1858 - 4349, 2442 - 5249

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Abstract

A discourse on justification of radical act faked as jihad based on Fakhr al-Dîn al-Râzî’s perspective is the cause of this study. The question is “How is al-Râzî’s opinion on verses used to justify radical acts which are faked as jihad?” This study uses the perspective of Fakhr al-Dîn al-Râzî’s Tafsîr bi al-Ra’yi. This is a library research employing qualitative explorative paradigm. All data are in the form of documentation; primary data are from Mafâtîḥ al-Ghayb and book entitled Aku Melawan Teroris as well as other secondary data. The study shows, first: jihad and its meaning are relevant with the period of Quran revelation to date and theologically they will also be relevant in the future; nothing changes from jihad’s concept and substance except the situation and condition. Second, there are five verses in Quran becoming the justification basis of radical acts in the name of jihad i.e. Q.S. al-Tawbah [9]: 5, Q.S. al-Tawbah [9]: 14, QS al-Tawbah [9]: 36, Q.S. Anfâl [8]: 39, and Q.S. al-Baqarah [2]: 191; yet it is contra productive for al-Râzî. Through this study, al-Râzî’s tafsîr model is expected to be a formula and new opinion to deeply comprehend, contextual wise, the meaning of those verses.

Kajian ini muncul dari adanya wacana pembenaran terhadap tindakan radikal dengan dalih jihad melalui perspektif Fakhruddin al-Râzî, pertanyaan yang ingin dijawab dalam kajian ini adalah: “bagaimana pandangan al-Râzî terhadap ayat-ayat yang menjadi argumentasi pembenaran terhadap tindakan radikal dengan dalih jihad?” Kajian ini menggunakan perspektif tafsir bi al-ra’yi ala Fakhruddin al-Râzî; jenis studi pustaka, menggunakan paradigma kualitatif eksploratif; keseluruhan datanya berbentuk dokumentasi dengan bahan primer Mafâtîh al-Gaib dan buku Aku Melawan Teroris, dengan didukung bahan-bahan sekunder tertulis yang lain. Kajian ini menunjukkan beberapa hal, pertama: jihad dan segala maknanya relevan dengan masa turunnya al-Qurân hingga sekarang dan secara teologis juga relevan hingga masa yang akan datang; tidak ada yang berubah dari konsep dan substansi jihad kecuali situasi dan kondisinya. Kedua, terdapat lima ayat al-Qurân yang dijadikan justifikasi pembenaran terhadap tindakan radikal atas nama jihad; namun bagi al-Râzî justru kontraproduktif. Melalui kajian ini. model penafsiran al-Râzî diharapkan dapat menjadi formula dan pandangan baru dalam memahami lebih dalam dan kontekstual akan makna dari ayat-ayat tersebut.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Imam Samudra; jihad; Mafâtîḥ al-Ghayb; al-Râzî; tafsir bi al-ra’yî
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220403 Islamic Studies > 22040301 Al-Quran, Tafsir and related science
Divisions: Faculty of Sharia and Law > Department of Sharia Business Law
Depositing User: Ali Hamdan
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2020 03:21

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