Defending spaces, preventing conflicts: the politics of identity representation in the Nahdliyin mosques in Malang Raya

Putrie, Yulia Eka and Martokusumo, Widjaja and Budi, Bambang Setia (2020) Defending spaces, preventing conflicts: the politics of identity representation in the Nahdliyin mosques in Malang Raya. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 14 (1). pp. 26-50. ISSN 2355-6994

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Abstract

Contemporary dynamics among Islamic groups in Indonesia have affected aspects of Indonesian mosque architecture. One striking issue is the expropriation attempts against Nahdliyin mosques by certain groups deemed radical. The issue has drawn attention from the majority of Nahdliyin people through the Nahdlatul Ulama’s official media. This study explores preventive actions taken by the Nahdliyin based on their shared-perspective towards the issue. Text and visual analyses are conducted based on the data of six chosen mosques in Malang Raya, East Java – a region with a great basis of the Nahdliyin, as well as the melting pot for various Islamic groups. The result shows that there are serious attempts of the surrounding communities to affirm their identity on their mosques. Iconographic and symbolic elements are applied to the mosque buildings to prevent mosques from being expropriated by other groups considered as hardliners. It further suggests an ambivalence where some pros and cons among the Nahdliyin themselves have occurred in terms of positive or negative impacts of the emergence of explicit identity on their mosques. Nevertheless, understanding the concept of shared-identity between a mosque and its surrounding community is an important basis to maintain peace and tolerance in the religious life of Muslim societies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Conflict prevention; identity representation; mosque architecture; Nahdlatul Ulama; Nahdliyin
Subjects: 12 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 1201 Architecture > 120101 Architectural Design > 12010115 Architecture as Language
12 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 1201 Architecture > 120103 Architectural History and Theory
12 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 1201 Architecture > 120109 Architecture of Building for Religious and Related Purposes > 12010901 Mosques and Minaret
12 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 1201 Architecture
Divisions: Faculty of Technology > Department of Architecture
Depositing User: Dr. Yulia Eka Putrie
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2020 13:04

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