Implementation of HOTS in debate strategy to improve the ability of speaking Arabic among students

Bahruddin, Uril and Halomoan, Halomoan and Sahid, Mualimin Mochammad (2020) Implementation of HOTS in debate strategy to improve the ability of speaking Arabic among students. Solid State Technology, 63 (4). pp. 816-826. ISSN 0038-111X

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Abstract

Teaching Arabic as a second language in higher institutions to students who are non-Arabic speakers has been a challenge. Although different methods and strategies have been implemented in different places, the results remain same. The phenomenon of students who cannot speak Arabic actively is seen as a common problem in many universities. Among the reasons is that the lecturers have not been able to implement appropriate learning strategies in teaching foreign languages. This study aims to measure the effectiveness of the implementation of debate strategies in improving students’ Arabic speaking skills and critical thinking. This study uses a pre-experimental design to know the effectiveness of applying the debate strategy. Data collection uses instruments in the form of tests, observations and documentation, and the data are analyzed quantitatively. The results show that the application of the debate strategy can improve Arabic speaking skills and critical thinking of students with t-count > t-table (3.5 > 2.09) which means that the null hypothesis (H0) was rejected and the alternative hypothesis (Ha) was accepted. Thus the application of HOTS in the Arabic debate strategy can improve students' speaking skills and critical thinking. The results of this study provide input for using HOTS in every learning activity to be more effective in improving learning outcomes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Higher Order Thinking Skills; strategy; debate; speaking skills; critical thinking
Subjects: 13 EDUCATION > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130214 Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language (Ta'lim al-'Arabiyah Lighairi al-Nathiqin Biha) Curriculum and Pedagogy > 13021401 Maharat al-Kalam (Speaking Skill)
Divisions: Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teaching Training > Department of Arabic Language Education
Depositing User: Dr Uril Bahruddin
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2020 10:50

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