Static or dynamic capital structure policy behavior: Empirical evidence from Indonesia

Utami, Elok Sri, Gumanti, Tatang Ary, Subroto, Bambang and Khasanah, Umrotul (2021) Static or dynamic capital structure policy behavior: Empirical evidence from Indonesia. The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business, 8 (1). pp. 71-79. ISSN 2288-4637(p-ISSN); 2288-4645(eISSN)

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Abstract

This study investigates the capital structure policy among Indonesian public companies. Previous studies suggest that capital structure policy could follow either static or dynamic behavior. The sample data used in this study was companies in the manufacturing sector, divided into three sub-sectors: the basic and chemical industry, miscellaneous industry, and the consumer goods industry. This study uses panel data from 2010 to 2018, with the Generalized Least Square (GLS) method and compared whether the fixed effect model is better than the common effect model. The results show that the dynamic and non-linear model tests can explain the capital structure determinants than the static and linear models. The dynamic model shows that the capital structure of a certain year is influenced by the capital structure of the previous year. The findings indicate that the company performs some adjustments in its capital structure policy by referring to the previous debt ratio, which implies support to the trade-off theory (TOT). The study also shows that profitability, tangible assets, size, and age explain the variation of capital structure policy. The patterns on the dynamic and non-linear confirm that capital structure runs in a nonlinear pattern, based on the sector, company condition, and the dynamic environment.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Capital Structure; Static; Dynamic; Linear; Non-Linear
Depositing User: Zulaikha Mu'anis
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2021 10:03

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