Muslim debates on women leadership in political space: Gender perspective

Sumbulah, Umi (2015) Muslim debates on women leadership in political space: Gender perspective. Presented at International Conference on Islamic Economics, Governance and Social Enterprise (IConIGS) 2015, 14-15 December 2015, Avilion Legacy Melaka Malaysia.

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Abstract

This paper discusses the debate on women's leadership in Islam based on Qur’an 4: 34 and hadith Bukhari from Abu Bakrah path. There are two difficulties in this issue: first, the Qur’an often refers to the normative and contextual understanding. Normatively, the Qur’an seems favoring equality of men and women, but contextually it declares an excess of men over women; second, the ontological reality shows the subjectivity of interpretation of the commentators on religious texts, both the Qur'an and Hadith. Historically, there are two aspects that must be studied to understand the hadith, ie: 1) the historical aspect of the hadith narrated by Abu Bakrah. The history of the negative side of Abu Bakrah is not readable by the critics of hadith. In this case, hadith is implicated in the construct of the thought of salaf scholars which requires the man to be a leader and prohibits women to be leader; 2) aspects of the historicity of hadith when it was uttered by the Prophet Muhammad, which has a key position in the understanding of hadith. The hadith has two possibilities: a) this hadith is (may) the prayer that King Kisra was not successful
and victorious; b) perhaps the personal opinion of the Prophet based on the historical reality of the time that does not allow a woman to be the country's leaders, because it has no legitimacy from the public and has no authority. Through historicalsociological study, the gender activists also argue that there is no prohibition for women to become leaders in public sphere, as long as they have the ability.

Item Type: Conference (Paper)
Keywords: women; leadership; gender perspective
Subjects: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1699 Other Studies in Human Society > 169901 Gender Specific Studies
22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220403 Islamic Studies
Divisions: Faculty of Sharia and Law > Department al-Ahwal al-Syakhshiyyah
Depositing User: Faizuddin Harliansyah
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2016 09:47

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