Parental influence on children’s gender identity development in Laurie Frankel’s "This is how it always is"

Rikhusshuba, Nazila and Huda, Miftahul (2020) Parental influence on children’s gender identity development in Laurie Frankel’s "This is how it always is". Lingua, 15 (2). pp. 215-216. ISSN 2442-3823

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Abstract

Social aspects, including parents, are likely to influence the development of gender identity. As parents' actions and behaviors convey meaning to their children, they contribute to the formation of children's gender identity development. The present study aims to investigate the parental influence on gender identity development of a child character named Claude in Laurie Frankel's This Is How It Always Is. This study is a literary criticism concerning the issue of gender identity development in a literary work viewed from a psychological approach. The data, collected from a novel entitled "This Is How It Always Is" (2017) by Laurie Frankel, were analyzed using the social cognitive theory of gender development by Bussey & Bandura (1999). The results of the study revealed that his parents influence Claude's gender identity development through the process of modeling as a part of observational learning, which is also supported by parents' evaluative reactions such as rewards or punishments. The mode of modeling reveals egalitarian gender roles and sexual orientation modeled and Claude's attention to his mother as an ideal female model, alongside with how parents convey affective reactions such as acceptance and approval on Claude's gender orientation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: gender identity development ; gender roles ; modeling ; parental influence
Subjects: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2002 Cultural Studies > 200205 Culture, Gender, Sexuality
20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2005 Literary Studies > 200503 British and Irish Literature
20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2005 Literary Studies > 200508 Other Literatures in English
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities > Department of English Language and Letters
Depositing User: Miftahul Huda
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2021 17:50

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