Business ethics of "kyai" pesantren community in Malang

Sudirman, Sudirman (2015) Business ethics of "kyai" pesantren community in Malang. Presented at International Conference of Islamic Education (ICIED), December 2-3, 2015, Malang.

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Abstract

The research, which is conducted in Malang, has three research questions namely: 1) What are the meaning of ethics for Kyai Pesantren communities in Malang in conducting business activities, 2) What is the meaning of business for Kyai Pesantren communities in Malang in conducting their business activities, and 3) How do Kyais from those Islamic pesantren conduct their business? The results of this study is expected to give a contribution to knowledge, particularly to the development of Islamic knowledge, especially in the field of sharia economics (Islamic finance) studies, more specifically in the field of sharia business and a successful businessman in the world and in the hereafter.

The research is a qualitative study, and the type of the study that it used is discourse analysis, which focuses on extracting the meaning of business ethics from the perspective of Kyais and business basic concepts that is business ethics of Kyai pesantren communities in Malang. The employed approach is phenomenology which main objective is to understand the meaning, values, perceptions, and ethical considerations of a unique phenomenon from kyai to businessperson. Phenomenology opines that what appears on the surface, including the pattern of everyday human behavior is only a symptom or phenomenon of what is hidden in the "head" of the businessperson. Any behavior appearing at the surface level can only be understood or explained if it can be revealed or dismantled from what is hidden in the world of awareness or knowledge of human as the businessperson. In fact, the reality is subjective and meaningful. It relies on the perception, comprehension, understanding, and people’s assumptions. It sets as a complex grammatical consciousness within human beings. Phenomenology studies put the individual as a giver of meaning embodied in the actions of the meaning comes from everyday experience that is intentional. It lies the key to the answer to the subjective aspect expressed or implicated in three behavioral levels of Kyai as the businessperson. The business behavior of K.H. Badru Al Dīn Anwar (Yai Bad), and K.H. Luqman Al Karīm Fatah (Gus Luqman), and K.H. Zain Baik (Gus Zein) in Malang actually involves the meaning and interpretation process because it involves mental processes and meanings. It does not last mechanistically.

The theoretical contribution is expressed in the form of explanation based on field data concerning Islamic ethics as the basic concept of the business of kyai community in Malang which is expected to put kyai business ethics proportionally in the study of phenomenology. Meanwhile, the empirical results of this study are expected to be food for thought and consideration in the development of business with the ethics of Sharia perspective. The results of this study show that the community of kyai understands the principles of business ethics in Islam, namely: 1. honesty, 2. maintaining the quality, 3. giving oath properly, 4. Tasamuh wa Tarāhum (generosity), 5. interrelationship (sila al Rahim) to build good relationships among colleagues, 6. complying with the administration, 7. transparent in pricing. Another cause of the success of community of kyai in business is prioritizing ethics (akhlāq) based on strong 'aqidah (faith), the great values of spirituality, charismatic, discipline, tenacious, diligent, having a great work ethic, having an economics network, and good leadership management. It also includes a deep spirituality, great ethic, broad knowledge, and professionalism.

Item Type: Conference (Paper)
Keywords: ethics; business community; kyai (Islamic scholar); pesantren (Islamic barding school)
Subjects: 13 EDUCATION > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130203 Economics, Business and Management Curriculum and Pedagogy
13 EDUCATION > 1303 Specialist Studies In Education > 130304 Educational Administration, Management and Leadership
Divisions: Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teaching Training > Department of Islamic Early Childhood Education
Depositing User: Dewi Suci
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2016 07:26

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