Effectiveness of behavior modification through token economy techniques to increase responsibility in early childhood

Irsahamida, Syifia, Lutfiyani, Evi and Jamaluddin, Muhammad (2022) Effectiveness of behavior modification through token economy techniques to increase responsibility in early childhood. TAZKIYA Journal of Psychology, 10 (1). pp. 53-63. ISSN 2654-7244

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Abstract

This study aims to examine the effectiveness of behavior modification through token economy techniques in increasing responsible behavior in early childhood. This type of research is a quantitative single-case experimental design. The subject in the study is one early childhood children aged 5 years. Data collection techniques used are observation, interviews, and documentation. The validity test in this study uses the validity of expert judgment. Data analysis uses a visual analysis approach. In this study, the A-B-A-B type withdrawal/reversal designs are used, in which the pre-test is carried out at stage A (baseline) and the post-test is carried out at stage B (intervention). The result shows that the use of the token economy technique is effective in increasing responsible behavior in early childhood. This is proved by the results from the baseline 1 (A) and baseline 2 (A) stages the score of child responsibility is from 1.25 to 1.83. This score indicates the low level of responsible behavior shown by the subject. While at the intervention stage 1 (B) and intervention 2 (B) the repeated scores are 4.83 to 5. The score indicates a high intensity of the subject in showing responsible behavior. So, it can be concluded that behavior modification through token economy is effective for increasing responsible behavior in early childhood.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: behavior modification; early childhood; responsibility; token economy
Subjects: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Depositing User: Muhammad Jamaluddin
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2022 14:35

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