Almais, Agung Teguh Wibowo, Susilo, Adi, Naba, Agus, Sarosa, Moechammad, Crysdian, Cahyo, Wicaksono, Hendro, Tazi, Imam, Hariyadi, Mokhamad Amin, Muslim, Muhammad Aziz, Basid, Puspa Miladin Nuraida Safitri A, Arif, Yunifa Miftachul, Purwanto, Mohammad Singgih, Parwatiningtyas, Diyan and Supriyono, Supriyono (2023) Principal component analysisbased data clustering for labeling of level damage sector in postnatural disasters. IEEE Access. ISSN 21693536

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Abstract
Postdisaster sector damage data is data that has features or criteria in each case the level of damage to the postnatural disaster sector data. These criteria data are building conditions, building structures, building physicals, building functions, and other supporting conditions. Data on the level of damage to the postnatural disaster sector used in this study amounted to 216 data, each of which has 5 criteria for damage to the postnatural disaster sector. Then the 216 postdisaster sector damage data were processed using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to look for labels in each data. The results of these labels will be used to cluster data based on the value scale of the results of data normalization in the PCA process. In the data normalization process at PCA, the data is divided into 2 components, namely PC1 and PC2. Each component has a variance ratio and eigenvalue generated in the PCA process. For PC1 it has a variance ratio of 85.17% and an eigenvalue of 4.28%, while PC2 has a variance ratio of 9.36% and an eigenvalue of 0.47%. The results of the data normalization are then made into a 2dimensional graph to see the visualization of the PCA results data. The result is that there is 3 data cluster using a value scale based on the PCA results chart. The coordinate value (n) of each cluster is cluster 1 (n<0), cluster 2 (0 ≤n <2), and cluster 3 (n≥2). To test these 3 groups of data, it is necessary to conduct trials by comparing the original target data, there are two experiments, namely testing the PC1 results with the original target data, and the PC2 results with the original target data. The result is that there are 2 updates, the first is that the distribution of PC1 data is very good in grouping the data when comparing the distribution of data with PC2, because the variance ratio and eigenvalue values of PC1 are greater than PC2. While second, the results of testing the PC1 data with the original target data produce good data grouping, because the original target data which has a value of 1 (slightly damaged) occupies the coordinates of cluster 1 (n<0), while the original target data which has a value of 2 (damaged moderately) occupies cluster 2 coordinates (0 ≤n <2), and for the original target data the value 3 (heavily damaged) occupies cluster 3 coordinates (n≥2). Therefore, it can be concluded that PCA, which so far has been used by many studies as feature reduction, this study uses PCA for labeling unsupervised data so that it has an appropriate data label for further processing.
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