Bias geographic location of math national examination in junior high school: analysis of Differential Item Functioning (DIF)

Elvira, Melly ORCID:, Kartowagiran, Badrun ORCID:, Retnawati, Heri ORCID:, Sainuddin, Syamsir ORCID: and Rohaeti, Eli ORCID: (2023) Bias geographic location of math national examination in junior high school: analysis of Differential Item Functioning (DIF). Ingénierie des Systèmes d’Information, 28 (2). pp. 375-387. ISSN 2116-7125

14617.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview


Diversity is a hot issue discussed in the world of education. With its diversity, Indonesia has great potential to study such things as the geographical diversity equalization factors that affect the quality of education. Implementation of national examinations (NE) as a benchmark and standards from primary to secondary education have a different condition for each location, such as Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) representing the West and Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) representing the western region of Indonesia. The focus of this research is to find out how much difference the ability of junior high school students in Indonesia in terms of geographical location. This study uses five DIF detection methods for mathematics NE 2013/2014 school year to analyze students' different abilities. The analysis results show that, in general, the NE questions for the 2013/2014 academic year benefit the focal group / NTT on Algebra, Geometry, and Statistics/Probability material, although with lower ability compared to group reference /DIY. With the analysis carried out, policymakers can take corrective steps to focus more on fixing problems, facilities, and resources teacher power so that problem inequality from aspect geographical there is no future again in Indonesia.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: differential item function; national examinations; bias geographic
Subjects: 08 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 0802 Computation Theory and Mathematics > 080204 Mathematical Software
13 EDUCATION > 1301 Education Systems > 130105 Primary Education
13 EDUCATION > 1303 Specialist Studies In Education > 130399 Specialist Studies in Education not elsewhere classified
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160506 Education Policy
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1799 Other Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teaching Training > Department of Islamic Early Childhood Education
Depositing User: Melly Elvira
Date Deposited: 23 May 2023 08:44


Downloads per month over past year

Origin of downloads

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item