Islamic Education Curriculum Management of SMK at Pesantren

Ali, Nur (2015) Islamic Education Curriculum Management of SMK at Pesantren. Presented at International Conference of Islamic Education (ICIED), December 2-3, 2015, Malang.

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Education has been the main strategy to fulfill diverse demands for reaching the quality of the future generation, comprising on the demands of culture, social and children growth. Muhadjir (2000) argues that educational institutions is expected to establish three educational foci (1) maintaining values of insani (human relation) and ilahi (God relation) (2) stimulating and growing the children creativity and (3) preparing productive educators that are competent to anticipate future challenges so as to contribute to the future workplace structure, not adjusting the estimation of economical needs.

Educational function is philosophically educating learners through mental and rational process to achieve noble morals, while seeing at sociological perspective, it has two main functions, namely manifest and latent. In economic side, education function is providing contribution to the economic growth through the hike of employer productivity as the economic growth is not determined by capital investation only. The employers who posses high flexibility to empower new skills to counter new marketplace, in accordance with the changing of economic structure and marketplace.

Pesantren, one of educational institutions-based society has established refurbishment for its educational components. Educational system of pesantren that is basically traditional, in its development, is more dynamic, adaptive, emansipative and responsive on the evolvement and society’s demand as well as government policies. Thus, pesantren will not let itself on its endless conventionality, but it will thrive on the adjusment and new value adoption, or innovation that has direct or indirect impacts to its educational system.

If the innovations on pesantren milieu are meticulously analyzed, the curriculum materials taught and learning methodology as the innovative aspects in pesantren can be glaringly accentuated. Dhofir (1985) states that most of small pesantren was in vacum during 1950, but the other surviving pesantren are caused by the establishment of general education inside the pesantren curriculum. Therefore, more pesantren established non religion based curriculum as stipulated in Junior High School (SMP, Senior High School (SMA) and Vocational School (SMK).

The establishment of vocational education is categorized as vocational school oriented to the skill education and workplace preparation for its graduates, while the orientation of Pesantren education is centered on the educational principles and values that are influential to its curriculum, such as theosentric not antroposentric, that is emphasized on searching knowledge as a worship, tawassut (moderate). Therefore, this paper is going to deeply discuss how the implementation of management functions on the curriculum practice and Islamic education learning on SMK in pesantren boundary.

Item Type: Conference (Paper)
Keywords: vocational education; pesantren; theosentric; antroposentric
Subjects: 13 EDUCATION > 1301 Education Systems > 130106 Secondary Education
13 EDUCATION > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130202 Curriculum and Pedagogy Theory and Development
13 EDUCATION > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130213 Vocational Education and Training Curriculum and Pedagogy
Divisions: Graduate Schools > Magister Programme > Graduate School of Islamic Education Management
Depositing User: Dewi Suci
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2016 14:19


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